HORTICULTURE

Definition: The word horticulture is modeled after agriculture, and comes from the Latin hortus "garden" and cultura "cultivation", from cultus, the perfect passive participle of the verb colō "I cultivate". Hortus is cognate with the native English word yard (in the meaning of land associated with a building) and also the borrowed word garden.

Horticulture is the agriculture of plants, mainly for food, materials, comfort and beauty for decoration. Horticulturists apply knowledge, skills, and technologies to grow intensively produced plants for human food and non-food uses and for personal or social needs. Their work involves plant propagation and cultivation with the aim of improving plant growth, yields, quality, nutritional value and resistance to insects, diseases and environmental stresses. They work as gardeners, growers, therapists, designers, and technical advisors in the food and non-food sectors of horticulture.

Branches: The branches of horticulture are as follows:

  1. Arboriculture: Study of, and the selection, planting, care, and removal of, individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants.

  2. Floriculture: Production and marketing of floral crops.

  3. Landscape horticulture: Production, marketing and maintenance of landscape plants.

  4. Olericulture: Includes the production and marketing of vegetables.

  5. Pomology: Production and marketing of fruits.

  6. Viticulture: Production and marketing of grapes.

  7. Oenology: All aspects of wine and winemaking.

  8. Postharvest: Maintaining the quality of and preventing the spoilage of horticultural crops.

  9. Turf Management: Turf management includes all aspects of the production and maintenance of turf grass for sports, leisure use or amenity use.