FORESTRY, RANGE MANAGEMENT & WILD LIFE

Forestry: The word Forestry is derived from French word foresterie which means the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources for human and environmental benefits. Forestry is practiced in plantations and natural stands.[The science of forestry has elements that belong to the biological, physical, social, political and managerial sciences

Types of Forestry: there are three major forest zones that are separated according to their distance from the equator. These are three major types of forestry i.e. the tropical,temperate,and boreal forests (taiga).

1. Different subcategories within tropical rain forests:

  • Evergreen: rain year-round, no dry season
  • Seasonal: vegetation evergreen, short dry season,
  • Dry: long dry season in which trees lose leaves
  • Montane: most precipitation from mist or fog that rises (also called cloud forests), mostly conifers
  • Tropical and subtropical coniferous: dry and warm climate with conifers adapted to variable weather
  • Sub-tropical: north and south of tropical forests, trees adapted to resist summer drought

2. Subcategories within temperate forests:

  • Moist conifer and evergreen broad-leaved: mild wet winters and dry summers
  • Dry conifer: at higher elevations, little rainfall
  • Mediterranean: located south of temperate regions around coast, almost all trees evergreen
  • Temperate broad-leaved rainforest: mild, frost-free winters, lots of rain throughout the whole year, evergreen

3. Boreal forests: Boreal forests, also called taiga, are found between 50 and 60 degree of latitude in the sub-Arctic zone. This area contains Siberia, Scandinavia, Alaska, and Canada. Trees are coniferous and evergreen.

Range Management: Rangeland is uncultivated land that is suitable for grazing and browsing animals. Rangeland is one of the major types of land in the world. The major rangeland types of the world are grasslands, desert shrublands, savanna woodlands, forests, and tundra. Range management is the use of grazing land to ensure consistent livestock production and, at the same time, conserve range resources.

Wildlife: Wildlife traditionally refers to undomesticated animal species, but has come to include all organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans. Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems. Deserts, forests, rain forests, plains, grasslands, and other areas, including the most developed urban areas, all have distinct forms of wildlife. While the term in popular culture usually refers to animals that are untouched by human factors, most scientists agree that much wildlife is affected by human activities.