Entomology: Entomology is a branch of zoology dealing with the scientific study of insects "The Greek word entomon, meaning “notched,” refers to the segmented body plan of the insect.
Agricultural Entomology: Agricultural entomology is a multidisciplinary area of research with collaboration with other units both within and outside of the agriculture department. Simply described agricultural entomology is applied ecology with roots in plant protection and the population dynamics of insects.
The word Entomology is derived from a Greek word “entomone” and “logia”. If we look at the meaning of these two words, “entomone” means insects while “logia” meaning the study. Keeping this in view, we can define entomology as the branch of zoology that deals with the scientific study of insects. Furthermore, entomology also explores the linkages between insects themselves and also the relationship of insects with other organisms including plant and animal on earth. This enables the scientists to divide entomology into various branches of entomology for easy understanding of the subject and also to classify insects in their particular groups based on their characteristics.
Following are the branches of entomology;
- Insect Ecology
- Insect Morphology
- Insect Pathology
- Insect Physiology
- Insect Taxonomy
- Insect Toxicology
- Industrial Entomology
- Medical and Veterinary Entomology
- Biological Control Entomology
- Post-Harvest Entomology
- Forensic Entomology
- Forest Entomology
- Crop Protection Entomology
Branches of Entomology
This branch of entomology deals with the relationships of insects with their environment. This branch focuses on the study and analysis of presence of insects in an ecosystem. The aim is the preserve the insects not to remove or eradicate them.
The study of insect body parts as well as their function is studied in this branch of entomology. This branch deals mostly with the external body parts of an insect.
The diseases that may harm or effect the health of insects is studied in this branch of entomology. In this, scientist uses disease agents or vectors to get rid of certain pests that may harm useful insects. It also include, getting rid of those pests that harm agriculture.
This branch of entomology deals with various functions and behavioral systems present inside the insect body. It also includes the study of behavior of different insects with their environment or ecosystem.
As we know taxonomy is the naming and classification of organisms. So, insect taxonomy is the practice as well as theory of naming the insects. It is a continuous process as there are many unidentified insects still roaming on the planet earth.
This branch of entomology deals with how the insecticides and other chemical affect the insect’s physiological functions. We can say that this branch deals with the field of controlling insects and pest management.
The branch of entomology deals with the study as well as rearing of insects for business or beneficial purposes. This includes honeybee or apiculture, bumblebees, butterflies, silkworms etc. This branch of entomology actually deals with benefit of mankind. On the other hand, it also deals with the removal of harmful insects like termites, cockroaches, houseflies etc. from the houses.
Medical and Veterinary Entomology
Insects not only harm humans, but also animals. This branch of entomology deals with the insects that harm not only humans but effect animals also. It deals everything about medical public health, and veterinary importance such as Malaria, Dengue etc.
Biological Control Entomology
This branch deals with using insects against harmful insects. In other words, friendly insects are used to cater harmful insects thus called as biological control insects. For example, Ladybird eats aphids which destroy wheat crop. Similarly, dragonfly eats those insects that damage crops.
This branch of entomology deals with the study, practice and control of those insects that harm the stored commodities and products like stores wheat, rice etc.
In this branch, the focus is on using the insects to determine or estimate the time, place of human health for legal purposes.
This branch of entomology deals with the trees and insects. In other words, in this branch, we study the impact of insects on forests and forest products and design solutions to safeguard trees from serious damage.
Crop Protection Entomology
The branch of entomology that deals with the study of controlling insects from damaging the crops in the fields in called as crop protection entomology. Sometimes, it is also called as agricultural entomology.
Rahman, M. A. (2018, March 04). Branches of Entomology. http://aridagriculture.com/2018/03/04/branches-of-entomology/